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Home Campaign Medals Lost & Stolen

Date Instituted

1881

Campaign

Second Afghan War 1878-80

Obverse

Head of Queen Victoria and the legend ‘VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX’.

Reverse

An invasion column with an elephant and a mounted soldier in the foreground with the inscription ‘AFGHANISTAN’ to the top left and the dates ‘1878-79-80` in the exergue below.

Size

36 mm

Metal:

Silver

Naming

Naming is usually in engraved upright square or sloping capitals while some examples are found with impressed or engraved running script for Indian troops.

Clasps

6 - ALI  MUSJID;  PEIWAR  KOTAL;  CHARASIA;  KABUL;  AHMED  KEL;  KHANDAHAR

Approx. Medals issued


Comments

The Afghanistan Medal was awarded for the military actions involving the British Army and local Indian units in Afghanistan between 1878–1880. This was the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the first being from 1839–1842.

This medal was awarded to all who took part in the campaigns against Afghanistan known as the Second Afghan War. In 1877 the Amir refused to accept a British resident and the following year raised an army which began harassing the Indian frontier. A treaty with Russia, however, granting it protective rights in Afghanistan, precipitated an armed response from Britain. In 1880 General Roberts led a column from Kabul to Kandahar to relieve General Burrows and the resulting battle led to the defeat of the Afghans and the conclusion of the war. The soldiers who took part in this march were also awarded the Kabul to Kandahar Star. Medals awarded to the 66th Foot (Berkshire Regiment) and E Battery of B Brigade, Royal Artillery, rate a high premium as these units sustained the heaviest casualties as the battle of Maiwand in July 1880

AFGHANISTAN WAR MEDAL